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【引用】让生活高效的方法~~~  

2011-07-17 11:47:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自Kaka Abel《让生活高效的方法~~~》

原作者:
来源50 Ways To Get More Done Today
译者服部平次

‘Work smarter not harder’ is one of the most popular catchphrases fueling the information age.  Yet most of us frequently overlook the fact that time is the only true luxury we have in life.  Being more productive doesn’t make you stronger, cooler, or wealthier.  It allows you to get more done in less time so you can use the time you save to get more enjoyment out of life.

“更加聪明而不是更加努力的工作”是促进信息时代发展最流行的标语之一。然而,大部分人还没有意识到时间其实是生活中我们唯一拥有的奢侈品。使自己拥有更高的效率或许没有办法帮助你变得更加强壮,更加出色或是更加富有,但它却可以帮助你在较短的时间内完成较多的工作以腾出更多的时间来享受生活。

Here are 50 ideas to help you do just that:
下面是帮助你更加高效率的50种方法:
Do what you don’t want to do first. – If you handle the toughest tasks first when your mind is fresh, you’ll get done quicker and make the rest of the day more enjoyable.

1.首先去完成那些你最不想做的工作。在你思维灵活的时候去处理那些最困难的事情,你将会更快速的完成它,在一天余下的时间里你也会更加愉悦。

  
Focus on high impact tasks. – Figure out what will have the greatest impact today, and make sure you address the most important stuff first.  Don’t get caught up in odd jobs, even those that seem urgent, unless they are also important.
  

 2.关注最重要的任务——找出一天中最重要的任务并确保你首先完成它。除非重要性相同,否则不要被零星的工作影响,即使他们显得十分紧急。

Don’t confuse being busy with being productive. – Stop and ask yourself if what you’re working on is worth the effort.  Is it bringing you in the same direction as your goals?  (Read The Success Principles.)

3.忙碌不等于高效——不妨停下来问问自己,你现在的努力是否值得,它是否引领你走向你的目标?(读一读《成功法则》吧)

Accept imperfections. – Perfectionism is the enemy of completion.  Don’t ignore the forest for the sake of one lonely tree.  Most of the time small imperfections aren’t even noticed, so don’t waste all your time on them.

4.接受不完美——完美主义是完成任务的大敌。不要因为一棵树而放弃整个森林,很多时候细微的不完美甚至都不会被察觉,既然如此为什么要在这些不完美上浪费那么多的时间呢。

Create and refer to a TO-DON’T list. – A to-don’t is a list of things not to do.  It might sound funny, but it’s useful for keeping track of unproductive habits, like playing online flash games, checking Facebook, etc.
5.创建一份不要做清单并遵循它——不要做清单列出那些你不要做的事。这听起来可能有些可笑,但它在帮助你远离那些像玩网络小游戏,查看你的Facebook等低效习惯方面卓有成效。
Use productive shortcuts. – There are productive shortcuts for almost everything you do.  Finding and using them can save you a few minutes here and there on a daily basis.  If you use a computer, learn the keyboard shortcuts for the programs you use most often.  If you can permanently delegate one of your regular tasks to someone else, do it.  Is there a route to work with less traffic?  Where can you hit two birds with one stone?

6.寻找高效的捷径——你要做的一切工作几乎都有相应的捷径。找出并使用它们,每天都能够帮助你在不知不觉中省出几分钟来。如果你使用电脑,学习使用你最常用软件的快捷键。如果你能长久的把一项常规性的工作交给其他人,那么就让其他人做吧。问一问自己,有没有一条交通较畅通的上班路线?在什么事情上可以一石二鸟呢?

Narrow the number of ventures you’re involved in. – Productivity is not usually my challenge, narrowing the number of ventures to be productive in is.  Even when you have the knowledge and ability to access super-productive states, you get to a point where being simultaneously super-productive on too many fronts at once causes all activities to slow down, stand still and sometimes even slide backwards.

7.减少你面临的风险——我面临的挑战通常不是成产效率而是减少出现的风险。即使你有着知识和能力达到超高效率的水准,你总会遇见一些特殊情况,在这些时候想要一下子同时高效的兼顾每个任务往往只会导致进程阻滞。这时需要你稳住,有时甚至要以退为进。

Pick-up the phone. – We’ve become so accustomed to communicating digitally, sending emails, IMs and texts, etc. that we forget we can get some tasks accomplished in a fraction of the time with one or two quick phone calls.

8.拿起你的电话——发送邮件、即时通讯、传递短信,我们对数字通讯已经如此熟悉以至于忘了我们可以通过手机在较短的时间内快速的完成一两个任务。

Use technology to automate tasks. – From creating email filters, to automatically backing-up your hard drive, to automatic bill paying.  The more you automate, the more you can get done without with the same level of effort.

9.使用高科技自动完成你的任务——从创建邮件过滤到备份你的硬盘再到自动付款,你自动化的程度越高,你将越高效的完成你的工作。

Learn to search Google effectively. – If Google is the portal to the information superhighway, Google’s advanced search operators are the most efficient vehicles on the road.  Once you learn them, you will find what you seek in half the time, every time. For example, with Google, you could search for “life lessons” site:www.marcandangel.com to find all of the life lessons posted on our blog.  Spending less time looking for information means that you can get more done.

10.学习高效的利用google——如果把google比喻成信息高速公路的入口,那么google提供的高级搜索服务可以说是这条公路上最有效的交通工具了。一旦你掌握了它,你将发现每次你只要花一半的时间就能找出你所需要的信息。举个例子,在google的搜索栏中输入如下信息:“life lessons” site:www.marcandangel.com,你将在我们的博客中找到所有相关生活经验的内容。能够用更少的时间寻找信息就意味着你将更加富有效率。

Group similar tasks back-to-back. – Switching gears between different types of tasks can be tough.  It takes most people several minutes to get into a productive mental groove geared for a specific   type of task.  Therefore, it makes sense to group similar tasks in an effort to minimize the number of rough patches, and thus wasted time, between task orders.

11.将类似的任务进行分组——在不同类型的任务之间切换状态是相当困难的。对大部分人来说,对付一项特殊的任务往往要花费好几分钟来调整最佳状态。切换任务时调整状态的难题往往会浪费大量的时间,因此将任务分组以减少这样的难题就显得极具意义。

Pay attention and get it right the first time. – The better listener you are, the more you will learn.  The more you learn now, the fewer questions you will have later, and the less time you will spend searching for answers.  And obviously, doing things right the first time eliminates future delays.

12.集中你的注意力并在第一次就将事情做对——一个好的聆听着,往往能够学到更多。你现在学到的越多,接下来你所面临的问题就越少,为了寻找答案所花费的时间也就越少。显然的,在第一次就将事情做对将减少你以后的工作时间。

Eliminate all distractions for a set time. – Distractions are everywhere.  They arrive via email, cell phone, coworker inquiry, etc.  I’ve found that cutting out all distractions for a set time is one of the most effective ways to get things done in less time.  You can’t remain in hiding forever, but you can be nearly four times as productive while you are.

13.不要设定的时间内分心——邮件、电话、同事的询问,干扰无处不在。我发现,在设定的时间内切断一切的干扰来源是提高效率最行之有效的方法。你或许不能永远与外界切断联系,但是当你消失的时候,你将有4倍于平常的效率。

Plan ahead and start early. – 10 minutes of dedicated time planning each evening will save you from 30 minutes of ad-hoc preparation each morning.  Likewise, starting your morning on purpose 30 minutes early will likely inject at least 60 additional productive minutes into your day.  Think about it.

14.提前计划并且及早开始——每天晚上抽出10分钟专门的时间来做计划,将会节省你每天早上30分钟专门的准备时间。同样的,每天早晨有目的的提前30分钟相当于给你每天的生活额外增加了60分钟的高效时间。考虑一下吧。

Organize your space. – How much time do you think the average person wastefully spends searching for items they’ve misplaced?  Keeping both your living and working spaces organized will undoubtedly allow you to get thing done more efficiently.

15.整理你的空间——你知道一个人平均每天花费在寻找随手乱丢的东西所花费的时间吗?保持你的生活和工作空间的整洁性毫无疑问将帮助你更加高效。

Choose a dedicated spot. – Don’t put your car keys, cell phone, etc. in a different spot each evening after work.  Choose a dedicated spot and make it a habit. There is nothing more frustrating in the morning than looking for the stuff you need.  Morning scavenger hunts are a huge waste of time.

16.选择一个放东西的固定地点——即使在下班之后也不要乱丢诸如车钥匙、手机这样的东西。选择一个专门的地点来存放并使之成为习惯。没有什么比一大早到处寻找你所需要的东西更令人头疼的了。早晨搜寻是巨大的浪费时间。

  
Productively use waiting time. – Waiting time does not have to be wasted time.  When you are waiting at the doctor’s office, the post office, or on hold for the next available representative, what simple tasks could you complete while you wait?  How about sorting through your snail mail or email, writing those thank you notes you’ve been putting off, reading the book you keep meaning to read, reviewing/editing your to-do lists, etc.
  

17.利用好你的等待时间——不要让你的等待时间白白浪费。当你等候在诊所、邮局门口,或者等待下一个接线员的电话的时候,你可以做哪些简单的事情呢?你是不是可以给你的邮件分分类,完成那些被你推迟了的道谢信,读一读你一直打算读的书,回顾整理下你的待完成清单。

  
Stop over-analyzing things.  – There comes a time when you have to stop evaluating something and just bite the bullet and do it.  Contemplating taking action isn’t taking action.  It gets nothing accomplished.
  

18.停止过度分析问题——有些时候你不得不停止评估一些东西只是硬着头皮去做。思忖如何采取行动不等于采取行动。它帮助不了你完成任何问题。

  
Handle 2-minute tasks immediately. – “The 2 Minute Rule” is single greatest tip I picked up from David Allen’s book, Getting Things Done.  If you roughly estimate that a task is going to take you less than two minutes to accomplish, do it right now.  It’s a waste of time and energy to keep small tasks like this on your to-do list on in the back of your mind.
    

19.立即解决两分钟问题——2分钟法则是我从大卫 艾伦的著作《尽管去做》中得到的最好的建议。如果一项工作只要花费你不到2分钟的时间去完成,那么立即去完成它。把这样琐碎的小事留在你的待完成清单上无疑是对时间和精力的巨大浪费。

Make reservations. – When a one minute phone call now can save one hour of waiting later.

20.学会预约——一个一分钟的电话就可以帮助你节省一个小时的等待时间。

  
Ask more questions. – The trial and error process can be a huge waste of time.  Often people view asking questions and relying on others as a weakness, but they are sadly mistaken.  Asking legitimate questions will bring you closer to the people around you and likely save you a huge chunk of time.  Win-win.
    

21.问更多的问题——试错的过程是对时间的巨大浪费。人们常常把询问问题和依赖他人当成软弱的表现,其实他们错的很离谱。事实上,询问合理的问题会帮助你和身边的同事更加亲近并能帮助你节省下大量的时间。如此双赢的事,何乐而不为呢。

  
Buy in bulk and cook in bulk. – Buying stuff and cooking food are two of the most common unplanned consumptions of time.  Most people buy replacements in small amounts only when they need them and think about food only when they’re hungry.  The problem is these issues will often arise at inopportune times.  The most efficient way I’ve found to counteract this is by doing bulk loads of both.  I know I’ll always need gas in my vehicle.  So instead of putting in $25 here and $25 there, I top off my tank every time I’m at the station regardless of the sticker shock.  Likewise, I know I’m going to be hungry at lunch time every day this week.  So on Sundays I’ll grill up five extra chicken breasts and make a chicken wrap or sandwich for every day of the week.
    

22.批量购物与批量烹饪——购物与烹饪食物是两项最常见的无计划时间消耗。大多数人只有在当他们觉得需要的时候才补充商品,只有当他们饥饿的时候才会想到食物。问题就在于这种问题常常在最不恰当的时候光顾。我发现解决这类问题最有效的方法是批量作业。我知道我的交通工具需要大量的汽油。因此,每次我每次路过加油站的时候不论油价如何我都会将油箱加满,而不是一会在这花费25美元一会在那花费25美元。同样的,我知道每天午餐时间我都会觉得饿,所以每周日我都会烤5份额外的鸡胸肉当做下周每天的鸡肉卷或是三明治。

Standardize common tasks. – If you find yourself performing the same set of tasks on a regular basis then it makes sense to establish an efficient, standardized way of accomplishing them.  Are certain tasks easier to perform in the morning?  Are there additional resources that can be utilized only at a certain time?  It’s up to you to find an efficient pattern, standardize it and follow it.

23.使日常任务标准化——如果你发现自己会定期的处理同样的工作那么建立一套高效的标准化方法来完成这些工作就显得意义非凡了。这些工作是否在早晨的时候更容易完成?有没有只有在特定时间内能被利用的额外资源?这需要由你来发现一个行之有效的模式,使之标准化并遵循它。


Stop consuming the headline news every day. – Most news has no long term value.  Mainstream media primarily focuses on ‘what’s hot now’ instead of ‘what will be useful tomorrow.’

24.停止在每天的报纸头条中浪费时间——大部分新闻都没有长期价值。主流媒体关注的都是“什么最流行”而不是“明天什么最有用”。


Stop mindlessly browsing online ad infinitum.  – Web browsing is one of the immense black holes in time spending.  Before you realize it, you may have spent hours browsing while generating very little value.
25.停止时刻浏览那些无意义的网络广告——浏览网页简直就是时间的黑洞。当你意识到你在网络上花费掉太多时间的时候,通常你已经浪费了数个小时在浏览网页上而其意义却微乎其微。
Turn off the TV. – Nuff said.

26.关掉电视。这还用多说吗。

  
Make better usage of commute times. – Listen to audio books, make calls, do some proactive time planning, etc.  I use Evernote on my iPad and capture tons of ideas and thoughts when I’m commuting and traveling on business.
  

27.利用好你的上下班时间——听一听有声读物,打一打电话,或是做一些前瞻性的计划等等。在我上下班和出差的时间了,利用iPad上的全能便签我想出了成堆的好点子。

Write things down. – Nobody’s memory is perfect.  If you don’t take notes and setup to-do lists for yourself you will end up wasting time several minutes of time every day trying to remember things that would have taken you seconds to write down.
28.把事情记下来——没有人拥有完美的记忆力。如果你不做记录也没有待完成清单,你将会发现每天自己都会浪费好几分钟的时间用来回忆。而事先将这一切写下来只会花掉你几秒钟的时间。
Consolidate all daily errands into one trip. – Consolidate all of your errands into one trip instead of driving back and forth several times from home to the store to home to the bank to home, etc.

29.固定路线,不走回头路——你应该学会把所有差事都统一到一条路线上。而不是开着车来来回回从家到便利店又到银行在回家。

Exercise daily. – I know it sounds counter-intuitive.  You have to spend time exercising.  But exercise boosts cognitive function, creativity, problem solving and productivity.  In fact a NASA study showed employees who exercised daily worked at 100% efficiency after seven hours, while those who didn’t saw a 50% drop, meaning it took them twice as long to accomplish the same thing.  (Read The 4-Hour Body.)

30.坚持每天锻炼——我知道这听起来有悖常识。但你必须花点时间来锻炼。因为锻炼能够提升认知功能,创造力,解决问题的能力和工作效率事实上,一项来自NASA的研究显示那些每天锻炼的员工能够持续7小时100%的高效率工作,而那些不锻炼的人只有50%的效率,这意味着完成同样的工作他们需要花费两倍的时间。

Use a timer. – I use a timer to limit the amount of time I spend on daily tasks such as email, returning calls, cranking through my to-do lists, etc.  This keeps me from getting overly distracted from the truly important tasks I must accomplish during the day.
31.使用定时器——我使用计时器来限制我的时间花费在处理诸如电子邮件,回电话,调整我的待完成清单的日常工作。这能防止我从一天中那些真正重要的任务中分心。
Harness the power of teamwork. – I heard a story once about some horses that were in a competition to see which could pull the most weight.  One horse pulled 3,000 lbs and another one pulled 4,000 lbs.  Someone suggested the horses team together to see how much they could pull.  Most guesses were in the 7,000 lb to 10,000 lb range but when those two horses worked together, they pulled an amazing 20,000 lbs.  That’s the power of teamwork.  Good teamwork can get a large project completed in an amazingly short amount of time.

32.利用团队的力量——我听过一个故事,讲的是一群马在进行牵引重物的比赛。其中一匹马能够拉动3000磅的重物而另一匹则拉得动4000磅。有人建议说,让我们来看看这两匹马一起合作能拉动多少吧。大部分人的猜测集中在7000磅到10000磅之间,然而通过合作,这两匹马将它们的记录刷新到了令人难以置信的20000磅。这就是团队的力量。一个好的团队常常能够在惊人的短时间内完成一个大项目。

Just say NO!  – While saying yes can take us down some wonderful roads, there’s also a ton of value in saying “no.”  We’re only given a certain amount of hours in our lives; do you really want to give yours away so easily?  If you don’t have to time to commit to a new project, complete a favor, or serve on another committee, it’s a good idea to just say “no.”

33.学会说 不!——虽然一味的接受常常能使我们左右逢源,但学会说“不"同样意义非凡。我们生命中的时间是有限。你真的愿意如此轻易的放弃你的吗?如果你真的没有时间去接受一个新的项目,帮别人一个忙或是在另一个委员会供职,那么说不吧。

Focus your attention on one thing at a time.  – Cutting out multitasking (or “multi-slacking” as I call it) leaves you to focus more intently on one task and finish it to completion, rather than having many tasks started and nothing finished.

34.一次只做一件事——停止多种任务(我把它称作多重懈怠)能够帮助你更加专注于一项工作并完成它,而不是把很多任务都开始却没有一项能够完成。  

Create productivity triggers for yourself. – If you’re fighting yourself every step of the way, forming diligent habits is hard.  You need to create triggers to help you out.  A simple example would be packing your gym bag the night before to keep you from having an excuse not to go to the gym.  Or put the books you need to take back to the library in front of the door, so you can’t leave the house without seeing them and remembering they need to be returned.
35.为自己创造高效的动机——如果你是一个人在战斗,想要形成勤奋的良好习惯是很困难的。你需要为自己创造动机来帮助自己。举个简单的例子,如果你能提前一个晚上整理好你的运动包那么就能防止你为自己不去健身房寻找理由。或者把你需要归还给图书馆的书放到你的闷气那,这样你就不能在离开家时对他们视而不见并提醒你这些书得还了。
Touch inbox items only once. – This one is difficult for most people (myself included), but it really makes a difference.  For new email or other communications, look over it and decide what to do with it right away: archive, respond, flag for follow-up, etc.  Regardless of how you process communications, just make sure you deal with them once rather than wasting time by looking at them without taking decisive action.

36.每天只查看一次邮箱——这条对大多数人来说是很困难的(也包括我自己),但这真的意义非凡。对于新的邮箱地址或者其他的通信,简单的审视一下以决定如何处理他们:是不是把他们归档,回复,标记还是跟踪。无论你如何处理你的信件,确保你一次性的处理掉他们而不是只是看着他们不采取行动让时间白白浪费

Clean up your inbox. – Your inbox (email and otherwise) should only be for priority communication; otherwise it just wastes your time.  Set-up email filters to keep things organized and filter spam in your email inbox (here’s how in Gmail).

37.清理你的收件箱——你的收件箱应该至用来存放重要的信件,否则将会浪费你大量的时间。为你的邮箱建立过滤器使它更加有组织并帮你组织那些垃圾信件。

Use time multipliers. – Effective delegation of lower priority tasks is a time multiplier.  Eliminating time wasting activities is a time multiplier.  Screening phone calls is a time multiplier.  By practicing creative procrastination on anything that doesn’t propel you toward your goals, you can multiply the amount of time you have to achieve those goals.
38.学会加倍你的时间——对不那么重要的工作进行有效的划分可以加倍时间。消除浪费时间的活动是加倍时间。筛选你的电话是加倍时间。通过练习延后任何不能帮助你达到目标的任务,你能够将你的时间加倍并达成你的目标。
Relocate closer to your place of employment. – In every major city in the world there are people traveling over an hour to reach their work destination from home.  This is a huge chunk of time that could be used far more productively.

39.搬到离你工作更近的地方去——在世界各个大城市中都有无数人浪费数个小时的时间往返于他们的住处和工作的地方。这方面有大量的时间可以被更高效的利用。

Avoid meetings. – Not all meetings are a waste of time, but many are.  If you frequently spend time in meetings, but would rather be doing your actual work instead of listening to other people talk about things they could have sent you in an email, see if you can get out of some of those meetings.  You’ll get a lot more done.

40.避免聚会——虽然不是所有的聚会都是浪费时间,但他们大多数是这样的。如果你经常性的在聚会上花费时间,听其他人滔滔不绝的说着那些本可以一份email就解决的问题而不是真正的做你的工作。尝试着去回避这些聚会,你将会干完更多的工作。

Let your mouse do the walking. – Shop online, rent movies online, pay bills online, etc.  It’s so much more efficient.

41.利用好网络——网上购物,在线租借电影CD,在线支付等等。你会发现这十分高效。  

Keep it simple. – Keep your to-do lists and planning simple, and don’t waste time playing with new tools.  There’s always going to be shiny programs that promise to make your day faster and more efficient.  Stick with one, and learn to rely on it.
    

42.简单最好——保持你的未完成清单简单易懂,不要花费时间去使用新的工具。总有一些吸引人的方法承诺帮助你更好的管理你的时间。你只需坚持一个并学会信任它。

  
Tell other people and hold yourself accountable. – It’s always a smart thing to tell people what you’re working on.  If you tell your colleagues or friends that you’re going to get something done, it motivates you to see it through to completion.  People who have a support system almost always find it easier to make things happen.
    

43.让你自己富有责任感并告诉其他人——告诉其他人你在做什么往往是一个聪明的选择。如果你告诉你的同事和朋友你要做某件事,这会促进你顺利的完成你的工作。那些拥有支持者的人们往往更容易将事情做完。

  
Hire someone. – Sometimes it makes more sense to hire someone to do something, especially if your time is worth more money than you’re paying that person. For example, if I have a large yard that would take me five hours to maintain (it’s pretty big), it makes more sense for me to pay someone as I can earn more during those 5 hours by working. Other things you might pay someone for: other home maintenance projects, washing your car, doing errands or laundry, doing your taxes … just about anything where doing it yourself isn’t cost-effective.
44.雇佣别人——有些时候雇一个人来帮助你做某些工作常常意义非凡,尤其是当你的时间比你所需支付给他人的报酬更有价值时。举例来说,如果你拥有一个巨大的庭院需要你花费5个小时的时间来维护(果然很大啊),雇一个人来帮助你来整理以便你在这5个小时中赚更多的钱不是更好。还有一些你可能想请其他人帮你完成的事情:其他家庭的维护工作,清洗你的爱车,洗衣服,支付税务等等,只要是你亲自做都不划算的事。
Spend minutes now to save hours later. – During happy hour last Friday I spent some time listening to one of my colleagues confess her utter distaste for the Windows 7 Start menu.  “The system is organized all wrong.  The programs I need are buried and the ones I never use are right at my finger tips.  I waste so much time digging through menus,” she said.  “But you can easily rearrange that,” I replied.  She looked down with a despondent expression on her face.  “I know,” she said.  “Someone else told me that too, but I haven’t taken the time to figure it out.”  Bottom line:  Sometimes you have to spend a few minutes now to save hours of grief in the future.

45.现在花几分钟时间而不要之后浪费数个小时——在上周五的欢乐时光我花了写时间来倾听我同事对Windows 7开始菜单的抱怨。“这系统简直毫无组织性可言。那些我需要的程序常常无从寻找,而那些我一辈子不可能用到的程序却就在我眼前。我花费了太多的时间来研究这个菜单。”“其实你可以轻松的整理他们啊。”我回应说。她低下头露出沮丧的表情“我知道,”她回答道“别人也曾和我说过,但是我从来没有花费时间来解决它。” 总的来说:有些时候你现在不得不花几分钟来节省未来那几个不幸的小时。

Practice the 80/20 rule. – Generally speaking, the 80/20 Rule states that 80% of our results come from 20% our actual work, and conversely, that we spend most of our energy doing things that aren’t important.  Figure out what that 20% is comprised of and focus as much of your energy as you can on it.  (Read The 4-Hour Workweek.)
46.学习80/20法则——一般而言,80/20法则表述的是我们80%的回报实际只来自于我们20%的工作,或者说我们花费我们大量精力做的工作实际上并不是那么重要。找出那20%是什么,并将你主要的精力专注于它。
Time box. – Assign a set amount of time per day to work on a specific task or project.  Focus entirely on that one thing during that timeframe.  Don’t worry about finishing it, just worry about giving it your undivided attention for the set timeframe.  (This is the opposite of having fixed goals.  For example, you don’t get up until you’ve written a thousand words, or processed 25 orders, or whatever.)

47.时间箱——每天抽出一部分时间来处理一项特殊的任务。在那段时间里要完全的专注于你所在做工作。你所要担心的不是去完成它,而是要在这段时间内学会完全的专注。(这是和既定目标想违背的。例如,写不完1000个单词就不起床,或者处理25份订单或是其他的任何事)。

Remove information sources containing little value. – Unsubscribe from RSS feeds and newsletters that give no bang for their buck, and set up quick email filters to delete or de-prioritize the junk mail that isn’t easy to unsubscribe from.
48.清除那些几乎没有价值的信息源——取消那些不划算的RSS订阅和新闻通讯,建立快速的email过滤器来删除或是按轻重缓急来重新排列那些不容易取消订阅的垃圾邮件。
Don’t underestimate the time it takes to do something. – Know the opportunity cost of your actions and how long something will truly take to do.  All things being equal, the best solution is the one that takes the least amount of total time (including maintenance time for fixing and support). What might have been a great idea with an hour of projected work would likely be a horrible idea if it took all day.

49.不要低估做某些事所花费的时间——学会衡量你做某件事的机会成本以及它所要真正花费的时间。当所有事情的机会成本均等时,最好的解决方案是选择那个总时间花费最少的(包括修理和维护的时间)。本来预期一个小时完成工作的好点子,如果花掉了你一天的时间来完成它那真是糟糕透顶。

Start now. – In the end, all the tips in the world won’t make as productive as you could be if you simply started to get things done right now.  Don’t waste another minute!  START!
50.立刻行动——最后,如果你不能现在立即行动起来,那么这个世界上所有的建议都不能让你变得高效。所以别再浪费时间了,行动吧!
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